- ATTAH EḤAD
- ATTAH EḤAD (Heb. אַתָּה אֶחָד; "Thou art One"), name of the central section of the Sabbath afternoon amidah . The prayer emphasizes the Oneness of God: "Thou art One, Thy Name is One," and the uniqueness of Israel: "and who is like Thy people Israel, a nation one on earth" (I Chron. 17:21). In the prayer, the Sabbath is called "a crown of distinction and salvation" which God gave to His people as a day of rest and holiness. The patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob all found joy and rest on the Sabbath. The prayer closes with the invocation: "May Thy children know that from Thee cometh their rest, and by their rest they hallow Thy name." This prayer, which originated with the geonim (eighth–tenth century C.E.), is based upon the Midrash (cf. Tos. Ḥag. 3b) that God, Israel, and the Sabbath mutually testify to the Oneness of God, the peerlessness of Israel His people, and the uniqueness of the Sabbath as a day of holy rest.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
HEBREW LITERATURE, MODERN — definition and scope beginnings periodization … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HERMENEUTICS — HERMENEUTICS, the science of biblical interpretation. The rabbis saw the Pentateuch as a unified, divinely communicated text, consistent in all its parts. It was consequently possible to uncover deeper meanings and to provide for a fuller… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SHAMIR, MOSHE — (1921–2004), Hebrew author. Shamir was born in Safed and raised in Tel Aviv. He was a member of the ha shomer ha Ẓa ir movement and held a position on its national board. From 1941 to 1947 he was a member of kibbutz Mishmar ha Emek, and in 1944… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BARTOV, HANOCH — (1926– ), Israeli novelist. Bartov, who was born in Petaḥ Tikvah, served in the Jewish Brigade during World War II and during the War of Independence served in the Israel Army. Bartov was a member of kibbutz Ein ha Ḥoresh, and a reporter for the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism